Share on Facebook Share on Twitter Share on Pinterest It’s already October, the month of Halloween, continuous Christmas songs, and Oktoberfest. There are many events around the world to celebrate the beer festival. It is believed that the Sumerians accidentally discovered beer six to eight thousand years ago. And the methods have been refined over millennia. Like wine, beer has numerous styles and varieties. While the Philippine’s beer market is still ruled by the country’s biggest brewery, there are foreign beers and local craft beers cutting into a significant piece of the pie. This is a bit of a beer primer to learn some basic facts about this booze that has been called “liquid bread” and “nectar of the gods.” Great Islands Craft Brewery beers The main ingredients in beer are malted barley, hops, yeast and water. Barley is a grain and is high in starch, which turns into sugar during the mashing process. Hops add flavor and spice and balance the sugar with bitterness. Yeast is a fungus that produces alcohol and carbonation as it eats the sugar during the fermentation process. And we all know what water is, but since beer is mostly made of water, its quality and mineral content affect the end product. A good craft beer requires high quality ingredients, this is why we brought in the highest quality ingredients from Europe. 🍻 #thebreweryph #craftbeer A photo posted by The Brewery at The Palace (@thebreweryph) on Sep 10, 2016 at 3:09am PDT Malt Hops A photo posted by YEAST (@yeast_fanpage) on Aug 16, 2016 at 5:50pm PDT There are two main categories of beer: lager and ale. While the main ingredients are the same, the difference lies in the temperature at which they are fermented and the yeast that is used. Lagers are fermented at cooler temperatures (46-55°F) while ales are fermented at higher temperatures (65-75°F). Brewing process: Ales vs Lagers Lagers, which originated in central Europe, usually use bottom-fermenting yeast, and are brewed at low temperatures (46-55°F) for long periods of time. They are relatively new, having only been around for several hundred years. This limits the formation of by-products and results in a crisp, light-bodied beer best served cold. Varieties of lager include: Pale lager – originating from Czechoslovakia, this is a pale yellow beer with a hoppy yet smooth flavor; Pilsner is a type of pale lager #wiesn #corona #beer #dashain #coronaextra #palelager #mexico A photo posted by P A R I (@prechya_bajracharya) on Oct 12, 2016 at 2:07am PDT Heineken is a pale lager beer Bock – from Germany, bocks are brown-deep black with a heavier malty, rich flavor and less hops Não está na lista das 1001 cervejas para beber antes de morrer, mas pode se considerar digna de entrar na lista, muito boa!! #beer #hausenbier #bockbeer #cerveja A photo posted by Uellison Vieira (@uellisonvieira) on Aug 29, 2016 at 5:32pm PDT Não está na lista das 1001 cervejas para beber antes de morrer, mas pode se considerar digna de entrar na lista, muito boa!! #beer #hausenbier #bockbeer #cerveja A photo posted by Uellison Vieira (@uellisonvieira) on Aug 29, 2016 at 5:32pm PDT Oktoberfest / Maerzen – known as Oktoberfest beer, this lager is a riff on Vienna-style lager; copper-colored and full-bodied with a toasty flavor Finally able to taste this year's Oktoberfest-brewed beer of Paulaner. Its Germany's No.1 Oktoberfest Bier! Envious??? Get your authetic Oktoberfest brewed biers on draught too at @draftgastropub and @blackoliveph. #Paulaner #Oktoberfest #GermanBier #DraftGastropub #Octoberfest A photo posted by CHESTNUT CABRERA (@roastd_chestnut) on Sep 23, 2015 at 11:56pm PDT Dunkel – a dark lager from Germany, it is deep brown/mahogany in color and has a full-bodied, malty flavor . #erdinger #dunkel 요즘 #바이젠 이 왜이리 맛있는지 !! . . #beer #beerporn #맥주 #맥스타그램 #germanbeer A photo posted by Hello, I'm Kay ! 😀 (@beer_fixedgear) on Oct 10, 2016 at 11:55pm PDT Ales, on the other hand, are fermented at higher temperatures (65-75°F) for short periods of time and use top-fermenting yeast. They are the ancient types of beer that have been passed down for centuries. Ales are complex, flavorful beers. They can be served at a warmer temperature and have a rich aroma and flavor. Varieties of ales include: Pale ale – there are American and English pale ales; they generally are gold or copper-colored and dry with a crisp hop flavor #Repost @marxcyrus with @repostapp ・・・ Thank God it's Beerday…. 😁🍻 @greatislandscraftbrewery #craftbeerphilippines #craftbeer #manila #craft #beer #GreatIslands #CraftBrewery #7107CityAle A photo posted by Great Islands Craft Brewery (@greatislandscraftbrewery) on May 13, 2016 at 4:21am PDT IPA (India Pale Ale) – First brewed to have a slightly higher alcohol content, the IPA has more hops (which also served as a preservative during the spice trade from England to India when it was conceived), and is full-bodied. This is the go-to beer that craft brewers start with nowadays. Come to @thebottleshopph booth for some brews from Alamat, Crows and many more! 🍺🍺🍺🍺🍺#centurycitymall #brewfestmnl #brewfestmnlsocial #craftbeerph #foodph A photo posted by Brewfest MNL (@brewfestmnl) on Jul 17, 2016 at 1:39am PDT Stout – thick, black and rich, stouts get their color and flavor from roasted barley; they often taste of caramel Enjoying the perfect pour at The Globe, Borough Market in London. Nothing beats a good local! A photo posted by Guinness (@guinness) on Jul 21, 2016 at 5:01am PDT Wheat – arguably the oldest style of beer (the original wheat beer, hefeweizen, comes from Bavaria); its mixture of barley and wheat gives it a cloudy appearance and prominent yeast flavor Reward yourself after a long stressful day. Cheers! 🍻🍺😎 #cheers #draftgastropub #greenbelt #hoegaarden #exploringtheworldwithyou #enjoyeverymoment #theadventureofmylifetimejd #onceinalifetime #traveler #ph #makati A photo posted by Perfect Stranger 🇵🇭🇩🇪JOHN REID (@theperfectstranger_jd) on Apr 14, 2016 at 8:47am PDT Then there are emerging types of beer that don’t really fit into these two main categories. There are hybrid beers that cross the styles of ale and lager (like a beer that uses ale yeast but is fermented at a cold temperature). Specialty beers are another type that doesn’t fall into the ale/lager categories, and they are practically limitless. They cover a wide range of brews that are hard to define. Some specialty beers start out in a classic style, but with some new flavor added. Guidelines are mere suggestions. There is an air of rebellion in the brewery and the sky’s the limit when it comes to creativity. Phew, what a long hiatus from Instagram! Now that we're back, let's kick it off by introducing you to the new labels designed by @gringograss #gringograss #cebruery #cebrueryartisinalcraftales #localbeer #craftbeer #cebu #bestofCebu #beer #vcso A photo posted by The Cebruery Ales And Lagers (@thecebruery) on Jul 18, 2016 at 6:06pm PDT Looking back at some of our Beer Explorer creations, fueled by our dreamy imaginations and challenging scientific prowess. It was never easy, but it's always fun. Craft beer evolution! #craftbeer #manila #craftpointbrew #beerexplorer A photo posted by Craftpoint Brewing Company (@craftpointbrew) on May 11, 2016 at 9:09pm PDT Beer has evolved throughout the centuries, and has been reimagined countless times. Styles have come and gone and more will be created. It’s amazing that there are literally dozens of kinds of beer out there. There is more to the world of beer than the usual fare we get at bars (though that is also changing). Explore and try them out and you’re bound to find at least one kind that you’ll enjoy.